It is a blend of professional quality loam, soft fine sand and coconut husk that provides the ideal mix of texture and moisture retention, simulating the soils found in their natural habitats. The addition of coconut husk allows for a lighter substrate without the mineral content, increasing the organic material in the mix provides peace of mind if accidently ingested. It is also suitable for many species of lizards that originate from similar habitats.
Spread the substrate evenly over the bottom of the enclosure to a depth of at least 2″ (5cm) for young animals and 6″ (15cm) or more for mature animals. Russian tortoises particularly may need a deeper substrate as they burrow extensively. Spot-clean daily to remove soiled substrate and replace completely every 2 or 3 weeks. Areas of the substrate can be sprayed to keep it slightly damp and so provide local humidity, but avoid making the substrate too wet.